The United Nations will also need to continue, if not strengthen, the concerted international pressure that has led to the Stockholm agreement. In the hope of building on the agreement and giving the United Nations a stronger mandate in Yemen, particularly for a hodeida peacekeeping observer mission, the UK revised a UN Security Council resolution it had drafted prior to talks with Sweden to establish a declaration of support for the Stockholm Agreement. The draft resolution contains a number of requests from the UN humanitarian chief, Mark Lowcock, which would help ease the current economic quagmire. We are determined to continue to cooperate with the parties through our good offices to implement the agreement and advance the political peace process. “I call on them to immediately cease the fighting, to respect the commitments made under the Stockholm agreement and to look at the common mechanisms for implementing UNMHA,” which has been repeatedly violated and whose implementation has so far proved very complex, Griffiths added. We see the modest successes of the Stockholm Agreement in the fact that we are moving closer to achieving a lasting peace for all Yemenis. The process can be slow. There will still be setbacks. But we will continue to promote and appreciate every small milestone on the road to supporting Yemenis in their quest for peace and stability.
The parties committed to an immediate ceasefire in the city of Hudaydah and the ports of Hudaydah, Salif and Ras Issa, the redistribution of the armed forces, the securing of ports, the establishment of the joint coordination committee for redistribution under the UN presidency and the use of port revenues to support civil service salaries. The agreement also provided for a strengthening of the UN presence in the city of Hudaydah and the ports of Hudaydah, Salif and Ras Isa, which led to the creation of the UN support mission to the Hudaydah Agreement, through Security Council Resolution 2452 (2019) adopted on 16 January 2019. An immediate ceasefire will enter into force in the city of Hodeidah, the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa and in the governorate after the signing of this agreement. The review of each part of the agreement suggests that international attention to findings of serious international crimes and human rights violations in Yemen played a role in influencing the parties` actions to accept the conditions and conditions to which they ultimately agreed in Sweden. But negotiations on the resolution were tense and the United States and Kuwait – the only Arab member of the Council and widely regarded as the vice-president of Saudi Arabia – called for significant changes. The United States has called for the inclusion of language on Iran`s role in the conflict, which has led to Russian objections and the threat of a veto in the Council. The United States also insisted that Lowcock`s humanitarian demands be removed and argued that they were complicating a simple process of reaffirming the Stockholm agreement. After a confrontation that would have involved the threat of a US veto, a lighter version of the resolution was due to be adopted in December.